Add Retry Logic to an Integration Builder Script

Many Integration Builder scripts are implemented without retry logic. This can cause the script to fail if there is a problem such as a failed HTTPS request. Such failures can result in notifications not being sent.

Retry logic allows the operation to be re-executed if it fails, reducing the risk of total script failure.

Prerequisite

Because it depends on a Java class, the retry code can only be executed on an xMatters Agent. Don't let this deter you, though! If you already use an xMatters Agent in your integration, then a simple script change is all that's required. If your integration currently runs on the cloud, you can easily configure it to run on an xMatters Agent instead.

For more information on the xMatters Agent, see the online help.

Example Code

First, we'll show an example of the code without the retry logic, then we'll provide an example with the retry logic so you can see the difference.

Code without the retry logic

Here's a simple example script that depends on a predefined endpoint with the name "test" and a URL similar to "https://example.com". The script is designed to throw an exception if the request to the "test" endpoint doesn't succeed. As a result, the script will fail, and notifications may not be sent.

var endpoint = "test";
var path = "/test";
var jwt = "";
var payload = "";

var testRequest = http.request({
endpoint: endpoint,
method: 'POST',
path: path,
headers: {
'Content-type': 'application/json',
Authorization: 'JWT ' + encodeURIComponent(jwt)
}
});

// Submit the request
console.log( "About to send request with endpoint: " + endpoint + "; path: " + path + "; jwt: " + jwt + "; and payload: " + payload );
var testResponse = testRequest.write(payload);

// Handle the response
if ( testResponse.statusCode >= 200 && testResponse.statusCode <= 299 ) {
return testResponse;
} else {
console.log( "Request failed with response: " + JSON.stringify( testResponse ) );
throw testResponse;
}

Example code WITH retry logic

Assuming the problem is temporary, it makes sense to wait for a moment and then resend the request. The following code shows how to make this happen:

var endpoint = "test";
var path = "";
var jwt = "";
var payload = "";

// required by retry logic
var numOfRetries = 2; // so three attempts in total
var retryIntervalMs = 1000; // number of milliseconds to wait before retrying
var thread = Java.type("java.lang.Thread"); // allows execution of the script to be halted for a specified number of milliseconds.


var testRequest = http.request({
endpoint: endpoint,
method: 'POST',
path: path,
headers: {
'Content-type': 'application/json',
Authorization: 'JWT ' + encodeURIComponent(jwt)
}
});

// allow the request to be retried up to two times (by default)
for ( var i=0; i <= numOfRetries; i++ ) {
console.log( "\nAbout to send request to endpoint: " + endpoint + "; path: " + path + "; jwt: " + jwt + "; and payload: " + payload + "\n" );
var testResponse = testRequest.write(payload);

// Handle the response
if ( testResponse.statusCode >= 200 && testResponse.statusCode <= 299 ) {
return testResponse;
} else {
console.log( "The request failed with response: " + JSON.stringify(testResponse) );

if ( i < numOfRetries ) {
// wait for a moment before retrying the request
console.log( "Sleeping for " + retryIntervalMs + " milliseconds...");
thread.sleep( retryIntervalMs );
} else {
console.log( "\nNo valid responses were received after " + ( numOfRetries + 1) + " attempts. Exiting..." )
throw testResponse;
}
}
} // end for

The two major changes in the above code are:

  • A for loop causes the request to be submitted up to three times (in other words, the initial request, plus up to two retries).
  • A sleep instruction causes the code to wait for the network problem to go away between requests.

The sleep instruction depends on the Java Thread class, which allows the script to be put on hold for a defined period of time.

The retry code can easily be added to existing scripts. If your use case needs a longer sleep period or more retries, adjust the retryIntervalMs and numOfRetries variables.

Moving a script to an xMatters Agent

After you've added the retry logic to your integration script, the final step is setting it to run on an xMatters Agent (if you're not already using an agent):

  1. In your xMatters instance, open the workflow from the Workflows page and then click the Integration Builder tab.
  2. Click on the integration to open it and select xMatters Agent from the Location list.
  3. Select the agent you want the script to run on from the list of agents displayed.
  4. Click Save and Open Script Editor to replace your current script with the updated script, then click Save.
Have more questions? Submit a request

0 Comments

Please sign in to leave a comment.
Powered by Zendesk